Having the same body mass index, apple-shaped people (with fat around their abdominal area) are at greater risk of developing hypertension than pear-shaped people (with fat around their hips and bottoms) – according to the latest study published by the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Obesity is a well-known risk factor for hypertension and other diseases such as coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes or sleep apnea, but the relationship between hypertension and site-specific fat distribution is unclear.
The study involved 903 participants who were followed for 7 years to track development of hypertension.
At the end of the study period 25 percent of participants developed hypertension and retroperitoneal fat (a type of visceral fat, which is the result of high abdominal fat distribution) remained the single risk factor for hypertension.
The presence of retroperiotoneal fat (fat around the kidney) has a significant effect on the development of hypertension.
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